Perspective of El Castillo, created from laser scan data Courtesy of Cyark.org
The pyramid of El Castillo is dedicated to the feathered serpent deity Kukulkán, the flying god that came to teach the Maya.
- The structure has nine terraces and four staircases.
- There is a temple with four doorways on top of its highest terrace.
- It towers 98.4251969 feet – 30 meters above the Great Plaza with a base of 180.446194 feet – 55 meters on four sides.
- El Castillo has 91 steps on each side for a total of 365 steps, equal to the number of days in the year under the solar Ha’ab Calendar – one of main two Maya calendars.
- Equinox and Solstice – 2 equinoxes and 2 solstices occur at 91-day intervals every year. At sunset on the equinoxes (spring and fall), a special phenomenon can be observed at El Castillo – the interplay of light and shadow from the sun’s position make it appear that a serpent is slowly going down the balustrades of the staircase; this was likely designed as a visual cue for the proper time to do agricultural ceremonies, harvest, and plant new crops.
- Deep within this pyramid lies the Jaguar Throne room dedicated to the deity Kukulkán, the feathered serpent.
The Venus Platform is a structure inscribed on its base panels with images of Kukulkán, the feathered snake-deity and has representations of the planet Venus.
Perspective of the limestone column in the Cave of Balankanché, created from laser scan data. Courtesy of CyArk.org – A Perspective is a screen shot of a 3D Point Cloud, 3D Models and Digital Reconstructions.
The Cave of the Jaguar’s Throne inside the Grotto of Balankanché, in the Yucatán, is located near Chichén-Itzá. This sacred Maya site was not discovered until a few years ago and the INAH – National Institute of Archaeology and History of Mexico left the original offerings where they found them.